Global milk demand is growing, particularly in countries which cannot produce enough milk to satisfy demand
This includes parts of the Middle East, Africa, China and other Asian countries.
- Some of these countries are developing their agricultural skills, however land and water shortages mean they will always need to import milk and dairy products.
- The global population is forecast to grow from seven billion in 2011 to nine billion in 2050 (Source, United Nations).
- The fastest growth is likely in milk deficit regions.
- Awareness of dietary balance and the benefits of protein is expanding.
- Food safety of local milk is a considerable concern in China and India.
The quality and quantity of global agricultural land is deteriorating due to factors including:
- Urbanisation using more agricultural land.
- Soil salinisation (build up of salts) / acidification.
- Depletion of ground water / other water shortages.
- Soil pollution.